Does My State Use the IE or YE Model?

Two models of the assessment are available: Instructionally Embedded (IE) or Year-End (YE). The assessment for both models and all subjects is made up of a set of short assessments called testlets. A state decides which model will be used in addition to which subjects and grades will be assessed.

More specific information about each model is provided below as well as a table that shows which model each state uses.

DLM state participation by model – Updated August 2021

Instructionally Embedded States Year-End States
Arkansas Alaska
Delaware Colorado
Iowa District of Columbia (DC)
Kansas Illinois
Missouri Maryland
North Dakota Miccosukee
  New Hampshire
  New Jersey
  New Mexico
  New York
  Oklahoma
  Pennsylvania
  Rhode Island
  Utah
  West Virginia
  Wisconsin

Instructionally Embedded (IE) Model

The IE model has two assessment windows, fall and spring. Educators have some choice as to which English language arts (ELA) and mathematics Essential Elements are taught and assessed. Scores for accountability are based on students’ cumulative ELA and mathematics assessment results throughout the year.

Year-End (YE) Model

The YE model has one spring assessment window. All students in a particular grade are assessed on the same ELA and mathematics Essential Elements. The Kite system delivers testlets one at a time and adapts the linkage level of each testlet based on the student's performance on the previous testlet. Additionally, educators have the option to use instructionally embedded assessments prior to the spring assessment. However, scores used for accountability are based only on the spring assessment.

Science Assessments

Most states opt to assess science in addition to ELA and mathematics.  For both the IE and YE model, science assessments are only required in the spring.  All students in a particular grade-band are assessed on the same science Essential Elements. The Kite system delivers testlets one at a time and adapts the linkage level of each testlet based on the student's performance on the previous testlet. Additionally, educators have the option to use instructionally embedded assessments prior to the spring assessment. However, scores used for accountability are based only on the spring assessment.